Uni Logo
 

FORSCHUNGSBERICHT 1996-1998


 

Prev.:Zentrum für Europäische Integrationsforschung (ZEI)/Internationales Wissenschaftsforum Bonn (IWB)
Next.:Institut für das Recht der Wasserwirtschaft
Up:Forschungsbericht
Up:Sonstige Forschungs- und Lehrstätten
Index


Zentrum für Entwicklungsforschung (ZEF)

Allgemeine Angaben:
Walter-Flex-Strasse 3, 53113 Bonn, Telefon: 0228 / 73-1811, Telefax: 0228 / 73-5097, eMail: zef@uni-bonn.de, WWW: http://www.zef.de

Hauptamtliche Professoren
Professor Paul L. G. Vlek (Direktor, Ökologie und Ressourcenmanagement)
Professor Joachim von Braun (Direktor, Wirtschaftlicher und technologischer Wandel)
Professor Andreas Wimmer (Direktor, Politischer und Kultureller Wandel)

Wissenschaftliches Personal
Universitätsstellen
Dr. Assefa Admassie (seit September 98)
Dr. Arjun Bedi (seit September 98 )
Andrea Berg (seit November 98)
Romeo Bertolini (seit April 98)
Else Bünemann (seit September 98)
Dr. Manfred Denich (seit April 98)
Dr. Jean-Jacques Dethier (seit September 98)
Fiorenza di Baldassare (seit März 98)
Dougbedji Fatondji (seit Juni 98)
Torsten Feldbrügge (seit Januar 98)
Katja Finger (seit Februar 98 )
Christoph Gehring (seit April 98)
Dr. Ulrike Grote (seit Januar 98)
Daniela Hambrecht (seit Dezember 98)
Maria Iksandarani (seit Mai 98)
Dr. Johannes Jütting (seit November 97)
Wolfgang Köhling (seit September 98)
Arnim Kuhn (seit November 97)
Phuong Thi Le (seit April 98)
Maria Relos de Macale (seit April 98)
Dr. Günther Manske (seit April 98)
Dr. Christopher Martius (seit Juli 98)
Dr. Luis José Mata (seit Juni 98)
Kerstin Mechlem (seit September 98)
Dr. Johannes Mehlitz (seit September 98)
Dietrich Müller-Falcke (seit August 98)
Matin Qaim (seit September 98)
Dr. Klaus Riede (seit November 98)
Gerd Rücker (seit August 98)
Alexandra Schleier (seit Juni 98)
Claudia Schultz (seit Dezember 98)
Dr. Uta Schultze (seit September 98)
Sabine Seibel (seit November 97 )
Mengzhi Sheng (seit September 97)
Dr. Antje Thielen - Klinge (seit Mai 98)
Dr. Nick van de Giesen (seit August 98)
Annette van Edig (seit Juli 98)
Dr. Detlef Virchow (seit Januar 98)
Wensheng Wang (seit September 98)
Dr. Peter Wehrheim (seit Oktober 98)
Katinka Weinberger (seit Januar 98)
Doris Wiesmann (seit Oktober 98)
Dr. Susanna Wolf (seit Dezember 97)

Drittmittelstellen

Stipendiaten

Forschungsschwerpunkte
Modern Technologies and Resource Use for Development
(Bedi, Qaim u.a.)

Sustainable Land Use Systems
(Denich, Martius, Thielen-Klinge u.a.)

Human Resources and Poverty Reduction
(Jütting, Weinberger, Feldbrügge, Admassie u.a.)

Atmosphere and Water Management
(van de Giesen, Mata, van Edig u.a.)

Biodiversity and Ecosystems in a Development Context
(Virchow, Riede, Denich u.a.)

Governance, Macroeconomics and Trade Policies
(Wehrheim, Dethier, Grote, Wolf u.a.)

Besondere Forschungsförderung
- Influence of land-use on the spontaneous vegetation in abandoned agricultural fields of South-east Sulawesi, Indonesia
(Denich, Asian Development Bank (ADB), Manila, Philippines)

- Secondary forests and fallow vegetation in the agricultural landscape of the Eastern Amazon region – Function and management (SHIFT Project 25)
(Denich, BMBF)

- Environmental standards and international competitiveness - An analysis in the context of WTO
(Grote, BML)

- Influence of termites on litter decomposition humification with special reference to the C-, N- and P-pools .
(Martius, DFG)

- Soil fauna and litter decomposition in primary and secondary forests and a mixed-culture system of Amazonia (SHIFT Project 52)
(Martius, BMBF)

- Economic evaluation of agricultural biotechnology .
(Matin Qaim, GTZ)

- Strategies and policy recommendations for the improvement of the food situation in developing countries .
(Matin Qaim, GTZ)

- Global analysis of migrating endangered species with the aim of establishing a world information register .
(Riede, BMU/BfN)

- Importance of the N2-Fixation in primary and secondary vegetation in the Amazon-Region (SHIFT Project 102) .
(Thielen-Klinge, BMBF)

- Water Rights and Water Use Policy for the Poor .
(van Edig, ZEF/Humboldt-Universität Berlin, VW-Stiftung)

- Global Dialogue Expo 2000 .
(Virchow, Expo-GmbH)

- The economics of conservation and utilization of plant genetic resources and of biotechnology for food and agriculture in low-income countries .
(Virchow, DFG)

- Policies for improved land management in Uganda .
(von Braun, Vlek, IFPRI - International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington D.C., USA)

- Liberalization and decentralization within the transformation: Regional disintegration of the agro-food economy in Russia .
(Wehrheim, VW-Stiftung)

- Participation, Gender and Economics of Discrimination .
(Weinberger mit ZEF/UNDP, GTZ)

Veröffentlichungen
Adis, J., da Fonseca, C.R.V. and C. Martius Acta:
"Mecanismos que mantém a diversidade tropical – um projeto de pesquisa bilateral teuto-brasileiro 1991-1996"
Amazonica 28 (3), pp. 205-215, 1998

Admassie, A. and A. Asfaw:
"The Impact of Education on Allocative and Technical Efficiency of Farmers: The Case of Ethiopian Smallholders"
Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Conference on the Ethiopian Economy, pp. 56 – 85, September 1998

Amelung, W., Martius, C., Garcia, M., Kueper, U., Ullbrich, D. and W. Zech:
"Organic matter in termite mounds of an Amazonian rain forest"
Proceedings of the Third SHIFT-Workshop, Manaus, pp. 493-496, March 15-19, 1998

Bationo, A. and P.L.G. Vlek,:
"The Role of Nitrogen Fertilizers Applied to Food Crops in the Sudano-Sahelian Zone of West Africa"
Renard, G., Neef, A., Becker, K., and M. von Oppen, (eds.), Soil Fertility Management in West African Land Use Systems. Proc. Regional Workshop Univ. Hohenheim, ICRISAT Sahelian Centre and INRAN 4-8 March 1997, Niamey, Niger. Margraf, Weikersheim: pp. 41- 51, 1998

Beck, L., Gasparotto, L., Förster, B., Franklin, E., Garcia, M., Harada, A., Höfer, H., Luizão, F., Luizão, R., Martius, C., de Morais, J. W., Oliveira, E. and J. Römbke:
"The role of soil fauna in litter decomposition in primary forests, secondary forests and a polyculture plantation in Amazonia (SHIFT Project ENV 52): Methodological considerations"
Proceedings of the Third SHIFT-Workshop, Manaus, pp. 471-481, March 15-19, 1998

Beck, L., Höfer, H., Martius, C., Garcia, M. B., Franklin, E. and R. Römbke:
"Soil fauna and litter decomposition in primary and secondary forests and polyculture system in Amazonia - study design and methodology"
Proceedings of the Third SHIFT-Workshop, Manaus, pp. 463-469, March 15-19, 1998

Bedi, A., Sector Choice:
"Multiple Job Holding and Wage Differentials: Evidence from Poland"
Journal of Development Studies 35 (1): pp. 162-179, 1998

Boje, G., Rücker, G., Senzige, S. and A. Skowronek:
"Land Suitability for Crop Diversification and Yield Potential of a Drained Swamp Area in NW-Tanzania"
Der Tropenlandwirt, 99. Jahrgang. Witzenhausen, pp. 65-75, 1998

Bokros, D. and J.-J. Dethier:
"Public Finance Reform during the Transition. The Experience of Hungary"
The World Bank, Washington D.C. 1998.

Brienza Jr., S., Santos, W.E.S., Costa, V.O., Pantoja, R.F.R., Vielhauer, K., Denich, M. and P.L.G. Vlek:
"Changing the slash-and-burn agriculture in Brazilian Eastern Amazonia by enriching the fallow vegetation"
Proceedings of the Third SHIFT-Workshop, Manaus, Brazil, pp. 109-112, March 15-19, 1998

Bünemann, E., Denich, M., Vielhauer, K. and P.L.G Vlek:
"Fertilizer response of maize and cowpea under conditions of fire-free land preparation in NE Amazonia"
Proceedings of the Third SHIFT-Workshop, Manaus, Brazil, pp. 157-159, March 15-19, 1998

Cruz, P.I., Molina G.E., Cruz-Flores, G., Ortiz-Monasterio I. and G.G.B. Manske:
"Colonizacion Micorrizica arbuscular, actividad de fosfatasica y longitud radical como repuesta a estres de fosforo en trigo y triticale cultivados en un Andisol"
Terra 16 (1), pp. 55-62, 1998

Denich, M. and M. Kanashiro (eds.):
"Potential land-use and management of altered and abandoned areas in the Brazilian Amazon region"
MCT/CNPq, Brazília (Studies on Human Impact on Forests and Floodplains in the Tropics-SHIFT), p. 153, 1998

Denich, M. and W. Lücke:
"Buschhäcksler – Eine Entwicklung zur nachhaltigen Ressourcennutzung durch Mulchproduktion als Alternative zur Brandrodung in tropischen Brachesystemen",
Landtechnik 4/98, pp. 250-251, 1998

Denich, M., Block, A., Lücke, W. and P.L.G. Vlek,:
"A bush chopper for mulch production in fallow-based agriculture and resource conservation"
Proceedings of the Third SHIFT-Workshop, Manaus, Brazil, pp. 61-66, March 15-19 , 1998

Denich, M., Sommer, R. and P.L.G. Vlek:
"Soil carbon stocks in small-holder land-use systems of the Northeast of Pará state, Brazil"
Proceedings of the Third SHIFT-Workshop, Manaus, Brazil, pp. 137-140, March 15-19, 1998

Diekmann, U., Kato, M.S.A., Denich, M. and P.L.G. Vlek:
"Cyclic behaviour of soil quality in rotational land-use systems of the Northeast of Pará state, Brazil"
Proceedings of the Third SHIFT-Workshop, Manaus, Brazil, pp. 141-144, March 15-19, 1998

Egle, K., Manske, G.G.B., Römer, W. and P.L.G. Vlek:
"Phosphateffizienz bei vier Weizengenotypen (Triticum aestivum L.) von CIMMYT (Mexiko), W. Merbach (ed.) Pflanzenernährung, Wurzelleistung und Exudation"
9. Borkheider Seminar zur Ökophysiologie des Wurzelraumes, B.G. Teubner Verlagsgesellschaft Stuttgart, Leipzig, 1998

Grote, U., Basu, A. K. and D. Weinhold:
Child Labor and the International Policy Debate - The Education/Child Labor Trade-Off and the Consequences of Trade Sanctions
ZEF Discussion Papers on Development Policy Nr.1 (September 98)

Herdegen, M. and H.-P. Schwarz (eds.):
"Bonner Botschaftervorträge, N°. 4, Lateinamerika auf dem Weg ins 21. Jahrhundert"
Bouvier-Verlag, Bonn 1998.

Hölscher, D., Sá, T.D.A., Denich, M. and P.L.G. Vlek:
"Rainfall partitioning and related hydrochemical fluxes in a diverse and a mono-species (Phenakospermum guyannense) secondary vegetation stand of Eastern Amazonia",
Oecologia 114 (2), pp. 251-257, 1998

Jönsson, A., Vielhauer, K., Denich, M., P.L.G. Vlek:
"Energy balance of traditional and modified land-use systems in the Eastern Amazon basin, Brazil, as a case study"
Proceedings of the Third SHIFT-Workshop, Manaus, Brazil, pp. 101-107, March 15-19, 1998

Jütting, J.:
"Die Rolle des Agrarsektors in der volkswirtschaftlichen Entwicklung: Bilanz und Perspektiven"
Nord-Süd aktuell, Dezember 1998

Kanashiro, M and M. Denich:
"Possibilidades de utilização e manejo adequado de áreas alteradas e abandonadas na Amazônia brasileira"
MCT/CNPq, Brasília (Studies on Human Impact on Forests and Floodplains in the Tropics – SHIFT), p. 157, 1998

Kato, O.R., Kato, M.S.A., Parry, M., Denich, M. and P.L.G. Vlek:
"Fire-free alternatives to slash-and-burn for shifting cultivation in the Eastern Amazon region: selection of adapted cultivars"
Proceedings of the Third SHIFT-Workshop, Manaus, Brazil, pp. 125-129, March 15-19, 1998

Kuhn, A. and P. Wehrheim:
"Freihandelszonen: Jeder sucht Verbündete"
DLG-Mitteilungen 12/1998: 16-19

Leitão, P. da S.; Teixeira, L. B.; Brienza Jr., S.; Sommer, R.:
"Soil fauna activity in natural and improved secondary vegetation (capoeira)"
Proceedings of the Third SHIFT-Workshop, Manaus, Brazil, pp. 145-149, March 15-19, 1998

Ling, Z., Zhongyi J. and J. von Braun:
"Credit Systems for the Rural Poor in China"
Nova Science Publishers, New York 1997.

Loy, J.P. and P. Wehrheim, Peters, G. and J. von Braun (ed.):
"Spatial Food Market Integration in Russia"
Food Security, Diversification, and Resource Management: Refocusing the Role of Agriculture? Proceedings of the 23rd. International Conference of Agricultural Economists, Ashgate publishers, Aldershot, pp. 421-431, 1998

Manske, G.G.B., Ortiz-Monasterio, I.J. and P.L.G. Vlek, Reynolds, M. and S. Rajaram (eds.):
"Genetic diversity in roots of wheat and techniques for its measurement",
Applying Physiology to Wheat Breeding, CIMMYT, Mexico, 1998

Martius, C. and A.G. Bandeira:
"Wood litter stocks in a Central Amazonian rain forest (Reserva Ducke)"
Ecotropica 4 (1-2), pp. 115-118, 1998

Martius, C.:
"Potenciais para o controle biológico de cupins"
Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 41 (2-4), pp. 179-194, 1998

Melyukhina, O., Qaim, M. and P. Wehrheim:
"Regional protection rates for food commodities in Russia: Producer and consumer perspectives"
European Review of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 25, No. 3, pp. 395-411, 1998

Metzger, J.P., Denich, M. and K. Vielhauer:
"Fallow periods and landscape structure in areas of slash-and-burn agriculture (NE Brazilian Amazon)"
Proceedings of the Third SHIFT-Workshop, Manaus, Brazil, pp. 95-99, March 15-19, 1998

Msuya, John M. and Peter Lang:
"Nutrition Improvement Projects in Tanzania"
Development Economics and Policy, Frankfurt 1998

Owens, G. and U. Grote (eds.):
"Central Asian Environments in Transition"
Asian Development Bank, Manila 1998.

Qaim, M. and C. Falconi:
"Agricultural Biotechnology Research Indicators: Mexico"
ISNAR Discussion Paper No. 98-20, International Service for National Agricultural Research, The Hague 1998

Qaim, M. and J. von Braun:
Crop Biotechnology in Developing Countries: A Conceptual Framework for Ex Ante Economic Analyses
ZEF Discussion Papers on Development Policy Nr. 3 (November 98)

Qaim, M.:
"Transgenic Virus Resistant Potatoes in Mexico: Potential Socioeconomic Implications of North-South Biotechnology Transfer"
ISAAA Briefs, No. 7, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications, published in collaboration with ZEF, Ithaca, NY, 1998

Riede, K.:
"Acoustic monitoring of Orthoptera and its potential for conservation"
Journal of Insect Conservation 2, 1998.

Römbke, J., Höfer, H., Martius, C., Förster, B., Franklin, E., Garcia, M. and L. Beck:
"The role of the soil fauna in the litter decomposition process in primary forests, secondary forests and a polyculture plantation in Amazonia (SHIFT Project ENV 52): Methodological considerations",
Market, B. and J. Oehlmann (eds.): Ökosystemare Ansätze in der Ökotoxikologie. 3. Deutschsprachige SETAC Europe-Tagung. G. Fischer-Verlag, Jena, 1998

Rosegrant, M. W. and C. Ringler:
"World food markets into the 21st century: Environmental and Resource Constraints and Policies"
Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 41(3): 401-428, 1998

Rosegrant, M.W. and C. Ringler:
"Economic Crisis in Asia: A Future of Diminishing Growth and Increasing Poverty?"
2020 Brief 57. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington D.C., 1998

Rosegrant, M.W. and C. Ringler:
"Impact on Food Security and Rural Development of Reallocating Water from Agriculture for Other Uses"
Paper commissioned by the FAO for the Harare Expert Group Meeting on Strategic Approaches for Freshwater Management, Harare, 28-31 January, 1998

Sá, T. D. A.; de Oliveira, V. C.; Coimbra, H. M.; de Carvalho, C. J. R.; Dias-Filho, M. B.; Sommer, R.; Brienza Jr., S.:
"Diurnal and seasonal patterns of leaf water relations in spontaneous and enriched secondary vegetation components"
Proceedings of the Third SHIFT-Workshop, Manaus, Brazil, pp. 169-176, March 15-19, 1998

Sanetra, C.M., Ito, O., Virmani, S.M. and P.L.G. Vlek:
Remobilization of nitrogen from senescing leaves of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.): genotypic differences across maturity groups?
Journal of Experimental Botany 49 (322): pp. 853-862, 1998

Silva Jr., M.L., Vielhauer, K., Denich, M., Vlek, P.L.G.:
"Can tree enrichment of secondary vegetation and fire-free land preparation by cutting, chopping and mulching improve the following crops?"
Proceedings of the Third SHIFT-Workshop, Manaus, Brazil, pp. 113-117, March 15-19, 1998

Sommer, R.; Maclouf Carvalho, E. J.; Vlek, P.; Fölster, H.:
"Soil water extraction through a secondary vegetation during the dry season in 1997 in Eastern Amazonia"
Proceedings of the Third SHIFT-Workshop, Manaus, Brazil, pp. 177-179, March 15-19, 1998

Thielen-Klinge, A.; Paparcikova, L.; Cordeiro, M. D. R.; Vlek, P.L.G.:
"Quantification of biological nitrogen fixation in primary forest and secondary vegetation in NE Amazonia"
Proceedings of the Third SHIFT-Workshop, Manaus, Brazil, pp. 131-136, March 15-19, 1998

van de Giesen, N. C. and R. Diallo:
"Hydrological and Hydraulic Parameters for Inland Valley Characterization, Characterization of Inland Valley Agro-ecosystems: a Tool for their sustainable use"
J.Y. Jamin and P.N. Windmeijer (eds), IVC, Bouake, Cote d'Ivoire, 1998

van de Giesen, N., Sow, A., Dingkuhn, M. and E. Agbossou:
"Transformation de systèmes de cultures rizicoles inondés en systèmes hydromorphiques: Economies potentielles de l`eau dans les petits systèmes d`irrigation en zone de savane Ouest-Africane, Aménagement et mise en valeur des bas-fonds au Mali"
N. Ahmadi and B Teme (eds), CIRAD, Montpellier, France, 1998

van Edig, A.,:
"Rechtliche Schwierigkeiten und Möglichkeiten eines multilateralen Wassermanagements im Nahen Osten"
Verfassung und Recht in Übersee, Heft III, 1998

van Edig, A.:
"Das Wasser in den palästinensischen Autonomiegebieten: Nationale und internationale Aspekte"
Veröffentlichung der Robert-Bosch Stiftung, April 1998

van Edig, A.:
"Wasserkonflikte im Nahen Osten"
Blätter für deutsche und internationale Politik", 8/1998

Vielhauer, K., Kanashiro, M., Abreu Sá, T.D. and M. Denich:
"Technology development of slash and mulch and of fallow enrichment in shifting cultivation systems of the Eastern Amazon"
Proceedings of the Third SHIFT-Workshop, Manaus, Brazil, pp. 49-59, March 15-19, 1998

von Braun, J. and D. Virchow:
"Pflanzengenetische Ressourcen zwischen Angebot und Nachfrage. Entwicklung institutioneller Rahmenbedingungen für Konservierung und Nutzung"
Berichte über Landwirtschaft. Band 76 (1), Landwirtschaftsverlag, Münster-Hiltrup, pp. 74-86, März 1998

von Braun, J. and T. Feldbrügge,:
"Institutional Aspects of the Handling of Crises and Disasters in Developing Countries"
Economics Vol. 57: pp. 95-114, 1998

von Braun, J., Bellin-Sesay, F., Feldbrügge, T. and F. Heidhues:
"Verbesserung der Ernährung in Entwicklungsländern: Strategien und Politikempfehlungen"
Forschungsberichte des Bundesministeriums für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung 123, Weltforum-Verlag Köln 1998.

von Braun, J., Teklu, T. and P. Webb:
Famine in Africa: Causes, "Mitigation and Prevention"
Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London 1998.

von Braun, J., tho Seeth, H., Chashnov and Surinov:
"Russian Poverty: Muddling through transition with garden plots"
World Development, 10, 1998

Webb, P. and M. Iskandarani:
Water Insecurity and the Poor: Issues and Research Needs
ZEF Discussion Papers on Development Policy Nr. 2 (October 1998)

Wehrheim, P. and M. Wiebelt:
"A computable General Equilibrium Analysis of Tax Policy Issues in Russia"
Brockmeier, M., J.F. Francois, Hertel, T. and Schmitz, P.M. (eds.), "Economic Transition and the Greening of Policies: Modeling New Challenges for Agriculture and Agribusiness in Europe", Vauk-Verlag, pp. 268-284, Verlag, Kiel, 1998

Wehrheim, P.,:
"Agrarpolitische Lehren aus bisherigen EG(EU)-Erweiterungsrunden für die Integration der Länder Mittel- und Osteuropas (MOER) in die EU"
Berichte über die Landwirtschaft(76) pp. 366-381, 1998

Wehrheim, P.:
"Institutional Change in the Russian Food Marketing System"
Frohberg, K. and Weingarten (eds.), The Significance of Politics and Institutions for the Design and Formation of Agricultural Policy. Vauk-Verlag, Kiel, 1998.

Wick, B., Kühne, R.F. and P.L.G. Vlek:
"Soil microbiological parameters as indicators of soil quality under improved fallow management systems in south-western Nigeria"
Plant and Soil 202: pp. 97-107, 1998

Wiesenmüller, J., Santos, W., Denich, M. and P.L.G. Vlek:
"Modeling of fine root distribution under secondary vegetation in NE Amazonia – a qualitative and quantitative assessment"
Proceedings of the Third SHIFT-Workshop, Manaus, Brazil, pp. 185-189, March 15-19, 1998

Wolf, S.:
"Neue Impulse für regionale Integration in Afrika?"
Nord-Süd aktuell, 4/1998

Zeller, M. Schrieder, G., von Braun, J. and F. Heidhues:
"Rural Finance for Food Security of the Poor: Implications for Research and Policy"
Food Policy Review, No. 4, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC. 1997.


Transfer und Öffentlichkeitsarbeit